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Recently I was faced with a task to post data from a .csv file to an external REST API. I’m just going to log in to this article about what I did to get the job done.

Let’s start by creating a template for uploading the file. For this article’s sake, lets make the changes in the dashboard.blade.php file.


<form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data"> @csrf <div class="custom-file"> <input type="file" accept=".csv" name="excel" class="custom-file-input" id="customFile" /> <label class="custom-file-label" for="customFile">Choose file</label > </div> <div> <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary btn-sm" style="margin-top: 10px" >Submit> </div>

</form>

Note : Don’t forget to add enctype=”multipart/form-data”!



Once the user has submitted the file, we need a new router to process the file and send its content to the REST API. Let’s start by creating a Controller.


php artisan make:controller UploadController


Now in the web.php file,


Route::post('/upload', [UploadController::class, 'upload'])->name('upload')->middleware('auth');


In the UploadController.php , create a function named upload. We will be writing all the code inside this function. Also, we need an action for the form.


<form method="post" action="{{route('upload')}}" enctype="multipart/form-data">


Now inside the upload function, we need to get the submitted file and parse its contents.

Get the submitted file,


$file = $request->file('excel');


Parse the submitted file,


if (($handle = fopen($file, "r")) !== FALSE) { while (($data = fgetcsv($handle, 1000, ",")) !== FALSE) { ..... }

}


We will be using a dummy REST API to create users — https://reqres.in/api/users. This is the request body required to create a user.


{ "name": "test", "job": "test"

}


Keeping this in mind, we will create a sample .csv template to be submitted. The fields need to be two, namely Name and Job.



We need to send the values from this file as the request body to the API. So let’s add the code to loop through the content of this file.


if (($handle = fopen($file, "r")) !== FALSE) { while (($data = fgetcsv($handle, 1000, ",")) !== FALSE) { Http::post('https://reqres.in/api/users', [ 'name' => $data[0], 'job' => $data[1], ]); }

}


This will create each student for each row of the file. But we don’t need to send the data of the first row of the file.

Full code:


public function upload(Request $request){ $file = $request->file('excel'); if($file){ $row = 1; $array = []; if (($handle = fopen($file, "r")) !== FALSE) { while (($data = fgetcsv($handle, 1000, ",")) !== FALSE) { if($row > 1){ Http::post('https://reqres.in/api/users', [ 'name' => $data[0], 'job' => $data[1], ]); array_push($array,$data[0]); } $request->session()->flash('status', 'Users '.implode($array,", ").' created successfully!'); $row++; } } }else{ $request->session()->flash('error', 'Please choose a file to submit.'); } return view('dashboard');

}


This will post the data starting from the second row of the file, display a success message once the users are created, and an error message if the submit button is clicked without choosing a file.

Full template:


<div class="container max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8" style="width: 50%"> @if (session('status')) <div class="alert alert-success"> {{ session('status') }} </div> @endif @if (session('error')) <div class="alert alert-error"> {{ session('error') }} </div> @endif <form action="{{route('upload')}}" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data"> @csrf <div class="custom-file"> <input type="file" accept=".csv" name="excel" class="custom-file-input" id="customFile" /> <label class="custom-file-label" for="customFile">Choose file</label> </div> <div> <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary btn-sm" style="margin-top: 10px">Submit</button> </div> </form>

</div>




That’s it, thanks for reading :)

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