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10899 views · 1 years ago
Securing PHP RESTful APIs using Firebase JWT Library

Hello Guys,

In our Last Blog Post, we have created restful apis,But not worked on its security and authentication. Login api can be public but after login apis should be authenticate using any secure token. one of them is JWT, So i am providing the Steps for Create and use JWT Token in our already created API.


Now its time To Implement JWT Authentication IN our Api, So these are the steps to implement it in our already created Apis


Step 1:Install and include Firebase JWT(JSON WEB TOKEN) in our project with following composer command        


 composer require firebase/php-jwt 


include the composer installed packages
require_once('vendor/autoload.php');


use namespace using following:
 use \Firebase\JWT\JWT; 



Step 2: Create a JWT server side using Firebase Jwt Library's encode method in Login action , and return it to Client



Define a private variable named Secret_Key in Class like following:

 private {
$payload = array(
'iss' => $_SERVER['HOST_NAME'],
'exp' => time()+600, 'uId' => $UiD
);
try{
$jwt = JWT::encode($payload, $this->Secret_Key,'HS256'); $res=array("status"=>true,"Token"=>$jwt);
}catch (UnexpectedValueException $e) {
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>$e->getMessage());
}
return $res;
}


In our login action , if the user has been logged in successfully then with the status,_data_ and message just replace the login success code with following code:

$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$UserData[0];
$return['message']='User Logged in Successfully.';

$jwt=$obj->generateToken($UserData[0]['id']);
if($jwt['status']==true)
{
$return['JWT']=$jwt['Token'];
}
else{
unset($return['_data_']);
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:'.$jwt['Error'];
}





Step 3: Now with every request after login should have the JWT token in its Post(even we can receive it in get or authentication header also but here we are receiving it in post)



No afetr successfully login you will get the JWt Token in your response,Just add that Token with every post request of after login api calls. So we will do it using postman, Find the screenshot 1 for checking the JWT Token is coming in login api response

JWT DEMO LOGIN API RESPONSE


Step 4:After reciving the JWt in every after login api call, we need to check whether the token is fine using JWT decode method in After login Apis like
UserBlogs
is a After login Api, So for verify that we are creating Authencate method in class like following:


 public function Authenticate($JWT,$Curret_User_id)
{
try {
$decoded = JWT::decode($JWT,$this->Secret_Key, array('HS256'));
$payload = json_decode(json_encode($decoded),true);

if($payload['uId'] == $Curret_User_id) {
$res=array("status"=>true);
}else{
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>"Invalid Token or Token Exipred, So Please login Again!");
}
}catch (UnexpectedValueException $e) {
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>$e->getMessage());
}
return $res;

}


Step 5: Cross check the response returned by Authenticate method in
UserBlogs
Action of api , replace the
UserBlogs
Action inner content with following code:


 if(isset($_POST['Uid']))
{

$resp=$obj->Authenticate($_POST['JWT'],$_POST['Uid']);
if($resp['status']==false)
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:'.$resp['Error'];
}
else{
$blogs=$obj->get_all_blogs($_POST['Uid']);
if(count($blogs)>0)
{
$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$blogs;
$return['message']='Success.';
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Invalid UserId!';
}
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:User Id not provided!';
}


Ah great its time to check out the UserBlogs Api, please find the screenshoot for that, Remember we need to put the JWt Token in POST Parameter as we have already recived that Value in Login Api call.

JWT DEMO Authentication in userBlogs API Call

Now if you want to verify that token is expiring in given time(10 minutes after generation time/login time), i am just clicking the same api with same token after 10 minutes and you can see there will not return any data and it is returning status false with following message :


JWT DEMO Authentication in userBlogs API Call


Also if you want to eloborate it more then i suggest you to try with modify Uid value with same token , you will another authentication issue and also if you modify the JWT token also then also you will not get the desired result and get authentication Issue

Thanks for reading out if you want the complete code of this file then please find following:
<?php 
header("Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8");
require_once('vendor/autoload.php');
use \Firebase\JWT\JWT;

class DBClass {

private $host = "localhost";
private $username = "root";
private $password = ""; private $database = "news";

public $connection;

private $Secret_Key="*$%43MVKJTKMN$#";
public function connect(){

$this->connection = null;

try{
$this->connection = new PDO("mysql:host=" . $this->host . ";dbname=" . $this->database, $this->username, $this->password);
$this->connection->exec("set names utf8");
}catch(PDOException $exception){
echo "Error: " . $exception->getMessage();
}

return $this->connection;
}

public function login($email,$password){

if($this->connection==null)
{
$this->connect();
}

$query = "SELECT id,name,email,createdAt,updatedAt from users where email= ? and password= ?";
$stmt = $this->connection->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute(array($email,md5($password)));
$ret= $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
return $ret;
}

public function get_all_blogs($Uid){

if($this->connection==null)
{
$this->connect();
}

$query = "SELECT b.*,u.id as Uid,u.email as Uemail,u.name as Uname from blogs b join users u on u.id=b.user_id where b.user_id= ?";
$stmt = $this->connection->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute(array($Uid));
$ret= $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
return $ret;
}

public function response($array)
{
echo json_encode($array);
exit;
}

public function generateToken($UiD)
{
$payload = array(
'iss' => $_SERVER['HOST_NAME'],
'exp' => time()+600, 'uId' => $UiD
);
try{
$jwt = JWT::encode($payload, $this->Secret_Key,'HS256'); $res=array("status"=>true,"Token"=>$jwt);
}catch (UnexpectedValueException $e) {
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>$e->getMessage());
}
return $res;
}

public function Authenticate($JWT,$Current_User_id)
{
try {
$decoded = JWT::decode($JWT,$this->Secret_Key, array('HS256'));
$payload = json_decode(json_encode($decoded),true);

if($payload['uId'] == $Current_User_id) {
$res=array("status"=>true);
}else{
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>"Invalid Token or Token Exipred, So Please login Again!");
}
}catch (UnexpectedValueException $e) {
$res=array("status"=>false,"Error"=>$e->getMessage());
}
return $res;

}
}

$return=array();
$obj = new DBClass();
if(isset($_GET['action']) && $_GET['action']!='')
{
if($_GET['action']=="login")
{
if(isset($_POST['email']) && isset($_POST['password']))
{
$UserData=$obj->login($_POST['email'],$_POST['password']);
if(count($UserData)>0)
{
$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$UserData[0];
$return['message']='User Logged in Successfully.';

$jwt=$obj->generateToken($UserData[0]['id']);
if($jwt['status']==true)
{
$return['JWT']=$jwt['Token'];
}
else{
unset($return['_data_']);
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:'.$jwt['Error'];
}

}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Invalid Email or Password!';
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Email or Password not provided!';
}
}
elseif($_GET['action']=="UserBlogs")
{
if(isset($_POST['Uid']))
{

$resp=$obj->Authenticate($_POST['JWT'],$_POST['Uid']);
if($resp['status']==false)
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:'.$resp['Error'];
}
else{
$blogs=$obj->get_all_blogs($_POST['Uid']);
if(count($blogs)>0)
{
$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$blogs;
$return['message']='Success.';
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Invalid UserId!';
}
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:User Id not provided!';
}
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Action not provided!';
}
$obj->response($return);
$obj->connection=null;
?>

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