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11965 views · 2 years ago
Create Simple RESTful APIs using PHP & MySQL

Hi Guys,
I am sharing you the way to create simple resful apis using php and mysql. We are creating 2 apis here
First is to Loggin a existing user and second is to get list of written blogs by logged in user.


Create any database, i am taking
news
as the database name here, After it create following 2 tables inside it.


CREATE TABLE <code>users</code> (
<code>id</code> int(11) UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
<code>name</code> varchar(100),
<code>email</code> varchar(100),
<code>password</code> varchar(100),
<code>createdAt</code> datetime NOT NULL,
<code>updatedAt</code> timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP
);

CREATE TABLE <code>blogs</code> (
<code>id</code> int(11) UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
<code>user_id</code> int(11),
<code>title</code> varchar(255),
<code>summary</code> Tinytext,
<code>body</code> Text,
<code>createdAt</code> datetime NOT NULL,
<code>updatedAt</code> timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP
);


Now putting some dummy data to read via the api



--create 2 entries in users table--
INSERT INTO <code>news</code>.<code>users</code> (<code>id</code>, <code>name</code>, <code>email</code>, <code>password</code>, <code>createdAt</code>, <code>updatedAt</code>) VALUES (1, 'jeetendra singh', '[email protected]', MD5('123456'), '2018-12-28 02:05:12', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP), (2, 'Manvik Singh chaudhary', '[email protected]', MD5('654321'), '2018-12-28 03:08:11', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP);


-- create 2 blogs by userid 1--

INSERT INTO <code>news</code>.<code>blogs</code> (<code>id</code>, <code>user_id</code>, <code>title</code>, <code>summary</code>, <code>body</code>, <code>createdAt</code>, <code>updatedAt</code>) VALUES (1, '1', 'Blog title 1 by jeetendra', 'Blog summary 1 by jeetendra', 'Blog body 1 by jeetendra', '2018-12-28 02:00:00', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP), (2, '1', 'Blog Title 2 by jeetendra ', 'Blog summary 2 by jeetendra ', 'Blog body 2 by jeetendra ', '2018-12-28 05:10:21', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP);

-- create 2 blogs by userid 2
INSERT INTO <code>news</code>.<code>blogs</code> (<code>id</code>, <code>user_id</code>, <code>title</code>, <code>summary</code>, <code>body</code>, <code>createdAt</code>, <code>updatedAt</code>) VALUES (3, '2', 'Blog title 1 by manvik', 'Blog summary 1 by manvik', 'Blog body 1 by manvik', '2018-12-28 02:00:00', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP), (4, '2', 'Blog Title 2 by manvik ', 'Blog summary 2 by manvik ', 'Blog body 2 by manvik ', '2018-12-28 05:10:21', CURRENT_TIMESTAMP);







After creating this create a index.php and put this code for Db connection, login and get all blog method



<?php
header("Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8");

class DBClass {

private $host = "localhost";
private $username = "root";
private $password = ""; private $database = "news";

public $connection;

public function connect(){

$this->connection = null;

try{
$this->connection = new PDO("mysql:host=" . $this->host . ";dbname=" . $this->database, $this->username, $this->password);
$this->connection->exec("set names utf8");
}catch(PDOException $exception){
echo "Error: " . $exception->getMessage();
}

return $this->connection;
}

public function login($email,$password){

if($this->connection==null)
{
$this->connect();
}

$query = "SELECT id,name,email,createdAt,updatedAt from users where email= ? and password= ?";
$stmt = $this->connection->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute(array($email,md5($password)));
$ret= $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
return $ret;
}

public function get_all_blogs($Uid){

if($this->connection==null)
{
$this->connect();
}

$query = "SELECT b.*,u.id as Uid,u.email as Uemail,u.name as Uname from blogs b join users u on u.id=b.user_id where b.user_id= ?";
$stmt = $this->connection->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute(array($Uid));
$ret= $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
return $ret;
}

public function response($array)
{
echo json_encode($array);
exit;
}
}

$return=array();
$obj = new DBClass();
if(isset($_GET['action']) && $_GET['action']!='')
{
if($_GET['action']=="login")
{
if(isset($_POST['email']) && isset($_POST['password']))
{
$UserData=$obj->login($_POST['email'],$_POST['password']);
if(count($UserData)>0)
{
$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$UserData[0];
$return['message']='User Logged in Successfully.';
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Invalid Email or Password!';
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Email or Password not provided!';
}
}
elseif($_GET['action']=="UserBlogs")
{
if(isset($_POST['Uid']))
{
$blogs=$obj->get_all_blogs($_POST['Uid']);
if(count($blogs)>0)
{
$return['status']=1;
$return['_data_']=$blogs;
$return['message']='Success.';
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Invalid UserId!';
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:User Id not provided!';
}
}
}
else
{
$return['status']=0;
$return['message']='Error:Action not provided!';
}
$obj->response($return);
$obj->connection=null;
?>



Now api file is set, just make the urls pretty(readable form) using .htaccess file, put following code in it



RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^api/(.*) index.php?action=


Now your Simple Restful Apis are ready to use, Now Let me show you the postman screenshot where i have used these apis.

Login Api Call:
LOGIN API CALL
User Post/Blog Api Call
USER BLOGS

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